Israeli Innovation : Some Israeli inventions and discoveries

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Drip irrigation in New Mexico vineyard, 2002

Drip irrigation in New Mexico vineyard, 2002 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Photograph by Jisl. Dripper in action, connect...

Photograph by Jisl. Dripper in action, connected to Polytube / Lateral, specially used in Drip / Micro Irrigation System for watering crop / plant. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Colours added to existing monochrome ...

English: Colours added to existing monochrome image File:Batch solar thermal collector.gif (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Bananap plants with drip irrigation. Jalgaon D...

Bananap plants with drip irrigation. Jalgaon District is one of the largest Banana producers in the world. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Iron Dome CRAM launcher near the town...

English: Iron Dome CRAM launcher near the town of Sderot. עברית: משגר של מערכת כיפת ברזל ליד העיר שדרות Русский: ПУ системы ПРО “Железный Купол” рядом с городом Сдерот (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

"Iron Dome" system intercepting 'Gra...

“Iron Dome” system intercepting ‘Grad’ rocket (January 2010 testings) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

USB flash drive, originally marketed as the Di...

USB flash drive, originally marketed as the DiskOnKey (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Installations of solar hot water inst...

English: Installations of solar hot water installations worldwide. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Solar boiler on a rooftop in Israel.

English: Solar boiler on a rooftop in Israel. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Israeli Innovation : Some Israeli inventions and discoveries

Rooftop solar hot-water system

Drip irrigation at an Israeli nursery

Iron Dome rocket interception system

Israeli inventions and discoveries are inventions and discoveries by Israeli scientists and researchers, both locally and while working at overseas research institutes.

Science[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Model of quasicrystals, discovered by Nobel prize winner Dan Shechtman of theTechnion

Physics[edit]

Eshkol-Wachman Movement Notation

Optics[edit]

  • World’s smallest video camera – a camera with a 0.99 mm (0.039 in) diameter, designed to fit in a tiny endoscope designed by Medigus.[10]
  • Development of the “Pillcam” by Given Imaging, the first Capsule endoscopy solution to record images of the digestive tract. The capsule is the size and shape of a pill and contains a tiny camera.[11]

Medicine[edit]

Pillcam endoscopic capsule developed by Given Imaging

Economics[edit]

Biotechnology[edit]

Theoretical computer science[edit]

Defense[edit]

    • Arrow anti-ballistic missile

Computing[edit]

Computer hardware[edit]

USB flash drive, originally marketed as the DiskOnKey

  • Quicktionary Electronic dictionary – a pen-sized scanner able to scan words or phrases and immediately translate them into other languages, or keep them in memory in order to transfer them to the PC. Developed by the Israeli company Wizcom Technologies Ltd.[53]
  • Laser Keyboard – virtual keyboard is projected onto a wall or table top and allows to type handheld computers and cell phones. Developed simultaneously by the Israeli company Lumio and Silicon Valley startup company Canesta.[54][55][56][57] The company subsequently licensed the technology to Celluon of Korea.[58]

Computer and mobile software[edit]

Waze, the most popular GPS application for mobile devices worldwide

  • GetTaxi, an application that connects between customers and taxi drivers using the its proprietary GPS system, enabling users to order a cab either with their smartphone or through the company’s website. It was founded by Israeli entrepreneurs Shahar Waiser and Roi More.[63]
  • Waze, a GPS-based geographical navigation application program for smartphones with GPS support and display screens, which provides turn-by-turn information and user-submitted travel times and route details, downloading location-dependent information over the mobile telephone network.[64] Waze Ltd., which was founded in 2008 in Israel by Uri Levine, software engineer Ehud Shabtai and Amir Shinar, and is now available in over 100 countries, was acquired byGoogle for a reported $1.1 billion.

Agriculture[edit]

Tomato tomato developed by Hishtil Nurseries of Israel

  • Drip irrigation using a non-clogging plastic emitter developed in Israel.[65] by Simcha Blass and his son Yeshayahu.[66]
  • A variant of the cherry tomato (Tomaccio), developed by Hishtil Nurseries of Israel.[67]
  • Hybrid cucumber seeds – In the 1950s, Prof. Esra Galun of the Weizmann Institute developed hybrid seed production of cucumbers and melons, disease-resistant cucumbers and cucumbers suitable for mechanical harvesting. Galun and his colleagues invented a technique for producing hybrid cucumber seeds without hand pollination.[68]
  • Grain cocoons – invented by international food technology consultant Professor Shlomo Navarro, the GrainPro Cocoons provide a simple and cheap way for African and Asian farmers to keep their grain market-fresh, as huge bags keep both water and air out, making sure the harvest is clean and protected even in extreme heat and humidity.[69]
  • Biological pest control – invented in Kibbutz Sde Eliyahu by a company called Bio-Bee, it breedsbeneficial insects and mites for biological pest control and bumblebees for natural pollination in greenhouses and open fields. The company’s top seller worldwide and especially in the U.S. is a two-millimeter-long, pear-shaped orange spider that is a highly efficient enemy of the spider mite, a devastating agricultural pest.[69]
  • AKOL – a Kibbutz-based company which gives low-income farmers the ability to get top-level information from professional sources.[69]
  • Reusable plastic trays – a Tal-Ya Water Technologies invention used to collect dew from the air, reducing the need to water crops by up to 50 percent.[69]
  • “Zero-discharge” system – an invention of the Israeli GFA company which allows fish to be raised virtually anywhere by eliminating the environmental problems in conventional fish farming, without being dependent on electricity or proximity to a body of water.[69]
  • TraitUP – a new technology that enables the introduction of genetic materials into seeds without modifying their DNA, immediately and efficiently improving plants before they’re even sowed. It was developed by Hebrew University agricultural scientists Ilan Sela and Haim D. Rabinowitch.[69]

Energy[edit]

  • Super iron battery – A new class of a rechargeable electric battery based on a special kind of iron. More environment friendly because the super-iron eventually rusts, it was developed by Stuart Licht.[70] of the University of Massachusetts.[71]
  • Energy tower – Purely theoretical alternative electricity generation and water desalination technology in low cost. The Energy towers spray water on hot air at the top of the tower, making the cooled air fall through the tower and drive a turbine at the tower’s bottom. The brainchild of the American physicist Phillip Carlson, it was expanded by Professor Dan Zaslavsky and Rami Guetta from theTechnion.[72][73]
  • A unique technology for producing hydrogen in vehicles as an alternative fuel source. It is produced by the Israeli company Engineuity and was invented by Amnon Yogev and Eli Gmaazaon.[74]
  • Improvement of previously existing flat plate solar water heaters – A home facility that converts solar energy to thermal energy. Following the energy crisis in the 1970s, The Israeli law requires the installation of solar water heaters in all new homes. It was developed by Zvi Tavor.[75]

Consumer goods and appliances[edit]

  • Epilator (originally “Epilady”) – an electrical device used to remove hair by mechanically grasping multiple hairs simultaneously and pulling them out. It was developed and originally manufactured at Kibbutz HaGoshrim.[76][77]
  • Wonder Pot – a pot developed for baking on the stovetop rather than in an oven.[78]
  • Micronized coating instant hot water pipes developed by A.C.T.[79]
  • Artificial gills – a theoretical special diving system not yet in production, currently being developed by the Israeli company Like-A-Fish Technologies, it produces oxygen from water, making oxygen tanks unnecessary.[80]

Games[edit]

Foods[edit]

Physical exercise[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Jump up^ Quasicrystals clinch Wolf prize – physicsworld.com
  2. Jump up^ The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2011
  3. Jump up^ Two Israelis win Nobel Prize in chemistry | health
  4. Jump up^ The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2004
  5. Jump up^ The Nobel Prize in Chemestry 2013
  6. Jump up^ Yuval Ne’eman – The Telegraph
  7. Jump up^ PI Distinguished Research Chair Yakir Aharonov Wins US National Medal of Science – Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
  8. Jump up^ Chronology of Black Hole Physics
  9. Jump up^ Physics Timeline 1961 – 1980
  10. Jump up^ World’s Smallest Video Camera Record Broken Again
  11. Jump up^ Israel’s ‘camera in a capsule’ approved for esophagus diagnosis
  12. Jump up^ Co-founder of movement notation system dies at 79
  13. Jump up^ Ruth Arnon Profile – Forbes.com
  14. Jump up^ Multiple Sclerosis « Global Health Vision
  15. Jump up^ Interferon Based Drug May Eliminate Breast Cancer
  16. Jump up^ Wang, Aiming (2011). Molecular Farming in Plants: Recent Advances and Future ProspectsSpringer. p. 60. ISBN 94-007-2216-8.
  17. Jump up^ Yukhananov, Anna (1 May 2012). “U.S. FDA approves Pfizer/Protalix drug for Gaucher”Chicago TribuneReuters. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  18. Jump up^ Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman, “The Framing of Decisions and the Psychology of Choice.” Science1981;211:453-458.
  19. Jump up^ [1]
  20. Jump up^ Robert J. Aumann – Prize Lecture
  21. Jump up^ Rubinstein, Ariel (1982). “Perfect Equilibrium in a Bargaining Model”Econometrica 50 (1): 97–109.doi:10.2307/1912531.
  22. Jump up^ DNA Used To Create Self Assembling Conducting Wire: Breakthrough Will Lead To Next Leap In Emerging Nanoelectronics
  23. Jump up^ Computer Made from DNA and Enzymes
  24. Jump up^ Tiny Computing Machine Fueled By DNA; Device Awarded In Guinness World Record For “Smallest Biological Computing Device”
  25. Jump up^ ACM Turing Award Citation
  26. Jump up^ Lempel–Ziv–Welch
  27. Jump up^ RSA (algorithm)
  28. Jump up^ Israel Weapon Industries (IWI) Ltd, Uzi SMG
  29. Jump up^ [2]
  30. Jump up^ http://www.czechpoint-usa.com/history-of-the-sa-vz-61/
  31. Jump up^ Gabriel (Israel) – Jane’s Air-Launched Weapons
  32. Jump up^ ARROW Weapon System
  33. Jump up^ Arrow Media Gallery
  34. Jump up^ The Merkava Mk3 Baz Main Battle Tank, Israel – Army Technology
  35. Jump up^ Merkava series
  36. Jump up^ http://solargeneral.com/jeffs-archive/china/sales-to-china-upsets-asian-power-balance/
  37. Jump up^ “Protector”Defence Updates. Retrieved 2007-04-21.
  38. Jump up^ Python 4, Python 5 (Israel) – Jane’s Air-Launched Weapons
  39. Jump up^ V24N3 – Battlefield Innovation
  40. Jump up^ My Way – News
  41. Jump up^ U.S. and Israel Shelved Laser as a Defense – The New York Times
  42. Jump up^ Anshel Pfeffer; Yanir Yagna (7 April 2011). “Iron Dome successfully intercepts Gaza rocket for first time”Haaretz. Retrieved 7 April 2011.
  43. Jump up^ http://english.cntv.cn/20120518/101009.shtml
  44. Jump up^ MUSIC Soothes the Savage… Missile?
  45. Jump up^ כלכלה – טכנולוגיה nrg – המוח הישראלי ממציא לנו פטנטים
  46. Jump up^ Israel Launches Ofeq-9 Satellite – Defense News
  47. Jump up^ Israel Weapon Industries (IWI) Ltd, Tavor Family
  48. Jump up^ Technion satellite set to blast off – The Jerusalem Post | HighBeam Research
  49. Jump up^ TECHNION FOCUS MAGAZINE – Space – Israel Conquers Space
  50. Jump up^ Israeli company develops radar system that sees through walls
  51. Jump up^ DiskOnKey – All-TIME 100 Gadgets – TIME
  52. Jump up^ USB flash drive#Creator controversy
  53. Jump up^ Wizcom Technologies Ltd (WZM.DE) Company Profile | Reuters.com
  54. Jump up^ http://www.lumio.com/our-core-technology/virtual-keyboard.html
  55. Jump up^ Marriott, Michel (September 19, 2002). “No Keys, Just Soft Light and You”The New York Times.
  56. Jump up^ Hesseldahl, Arik (September 18, 2002). “Typing on the table”Forbes.
  57. Jump up^ Shiels, Maggie (October 15, 2002). “The keyboard that isn’t there”BBC News.
  58. Jump up^ Kanellos, Michael (September 19, 2006). “Honda investing in chips to help cars see”CNET News.
  59. Jump up^ HP Labs : About HP Labs : HP Fellows : Abraham Lempel
  60. Jump up^ Translation co Babylon sets new Guinness record for downloads
  61. Jump up^ About the ICQ – ICQ.com
  62. Jump up^ Brian Blum (March 24 2011). “Top 10 iPhone apps from Israel”Israel21c. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
  63. Jump up^ “Top 10 Israeli apps that are revolutionizing your journey”. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
  64. Jump up^ ZOHAR FRIEDMAN (08/29/2012). “Appaholic: Top 5 ‘Made in Israel’ apps”Jpost. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
  65. Jump up^ http://www.irrigation.learnabout.info/articles/138-drip-irrigation-system.htm
  66. Jump up^ http://www.dripdepot.com/article/Drip-Irrigation-History
  67. Jump up^ Tomato ‘Tomaccio’
  68. Jump up^ Weizmann Wonder Wander
  69. Jump up to:a b c d e f Abigail Klein Leichman (May 10 2012). “The top 12 ways Israel feeds the world”ISRAEL21c. Retrieved 6 November 2013.
  70. Jump up^ http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b400251b rechargeable Fe(III/VI) super-iron cathodes
  71. Jump up^ FactsOfIsrael.com: Hydrogen fuel-cell cars developed by Israeli researchers
  72. Jump up^ Going electric with the ‘Energy Tower’ | environment
  73. Jump up^ Dan Zaslavsky’s Tower That Vacuums Up Greenhouse Gases | Green Prophet
  74. Jump up^ Israeli Company “Engineuity” Develops Car That Makes Its Own Fuel
  75. Jump up^ Interview with Zvi Tavor, Haaretz
  76. Jump up^ גאווה נשית: המצאות ישראליות שעושות לנו כבוד
  77. Jump up^ http://www.ynet.co.il/articles/0,7340,L-2621280,00.html
  78. Jump up^ “Roast in the Wonder Pot”, The Kosher For Pesach Cookbook(1978). Jerusalem:Yeshivat Aish HaTorah Women’s Organization, p. 58.
  79. Jump up^ 3 מדליות זהב הוענקו להמצאות ישראליות ביריד המצאות בקוריאה (26.12)
  80. Jump up^ BBC NEWS | Science & Environment | Inventor develops ‘artificial gills’
  81. Jump up^ Rummikub® Rules – Rules To Rummy Games
  82. Jump up^ Rummikub: Old Memories
  83. Jump up^ Universal Press Syndicate: Creator Bio
  84. Jump up^ Gone Gaming: Meet Haim Shafir
  85. Jump up^ Taki – Israeli Uno English and Hebrew Instructions – Judaism.com
  86. Jump up^ Israeli Snacks: Bamba – Slashfood
  87. Jump up^ Our Top 10 Israeli Foods — Bring Them Home This Yom Ha’atzmaut – Jew And The Carrot – Forward.com
  88. Jump up^ Martinelli, Katherine (11 July 2011). “Limonana: Sparkling Summer”Jewish Daily Forward. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  89. Jump up^ “Ice Limonana – Mint lemonade, the drink of the Israeli summer”. Cafe Liz. 4 July 2010. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
  90. Jump up^ Eye 2 Israel » Blog Archive » Shkedei Marak » Eye 2 Israel

External links[edit]

[hide]

Inventions and discoveries by nation or region
Lists of inventions or discoveries
  • Israel
Lists of inventors or discoverers
Timelines of inventions or discoveries
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